Securing land for the construction and operation of the Mozambique LNG Project and the Area 4 Rovuma LNG Project involves the physical displacement of the Quitupo community as well as economic displacement of households cultivating lands within the project area. In addition to the construction of nearshore and offshore infrastructure, the construction and operation of the A1 and A4 project will involve the economic displacement of intertidal collectors and fishing activities. To secure land access, manage involuntary displacement, and ensure the re-establishment and development of livelihoods within these areas, TEPMA1 and Area 4 Rovuma LNG Project have developed a resettlement plan. The plan was approved by the Government of Mozambique on 8 November 2016 and implementation initiated with the Moratorium announced on 6 November 2017. Delivery of the resettlement plan is led by TEPMA1 as Operator while both Area 1 and Area 4 share the cost thereof.
Construction of the replacement village (Quitunda) started in 2018. The handover of the village to district government and first relocation occurred in July 2019 and Phase 1 of relocation is complete. TEPMA1 continues to work on construction, relocation and livelihood re-establishment and development.
The Resettlement Plan has been developed with key resettlement commitments, including:
- Avoid or minimize, wherever possible, project impacts that cause physical and/or economic displacement by exploring alternatives in project design and project location.
- Involve affected communities and government representatives from all levels in the resettlement process.
- Undertake consultation throughout resettlement planning, implementation and monitoring.
- Undertake consultation processes that ensure free, prior, and informed participation of affected people and communities in decision making related to impacts that may affect them.
- Compensate people affected by the projects at the full replacement value of the property that is lost, as is prescribed in Mozambican legislation and international guidelines.
- Assist people during their physical relocation and re-establishment process to ensure the least possible social, cultural and economic disruption to their daily lives.
- Provide opportunities for displaced people to improve their living standards through the provision of improved housing and social infrastructure, livelihood improvements and integration into development programs.
- Consult meaningfully with communities in order to design and implement culturally appropriate and economically sustainable ways to restore livelihoods.
- Establish programs and initiatives through which displaced people and host communities can, in addition to the livelihood restoration programs, benefit from the projects.
- Identify vulnerable people or households that may be severely impacted by displacement and provide special assistance to help them participate and benefit from the projects’ livelihoods restoration and development programs.
- Collaborate with affected communities to monitor and evaluate, and where necessary, implement corrective measures during the implementation of the resettlement program.
- Implement a grievance redress process that enables affected households to lodge and resolve grievances related to the implementation of compensation and resettlement programs.